What are silicones and what do they do? It is recommended to not use silicones in hair cosmetics. But why?
Silicones belong to the group of synthetic polymers in which silicon atoms are linked via oxygen atoms. Silicones have a unique range of properties that is not achieved with any other plastic. Richard Müller, a German chemist discovered in 1941, the silicone by chance in the context of other experiments. In hair cosmetics, silicone is used to stabilize hair and is an important component of many shampoos and conditioners. The silicones wrap around the hair in the form of a protective layer and initially have a shiny and radiant effect. The use of silicone-containing products is therefore not to be considered as negative. The trick is to pay attention to the properties of the silicone. Because it uses water-soluble and water-insoluble silicones as an ingredient. In the case of the water-soluble silicones, a layer is applied over the hair, but is removed again during the next hair wash so that nutrients and conditioners can penetrate the hair again. Thus, the hair is optimally supplied with every hair wash and remains healthy and shiny in the long term. It is completely different with the water-insoluble silicones. There is a layer with each hair wash on the other. The result at the beginning of the application seems the same: you have radiant, supple and shiny hair. However, as the layer of water-insoluble silicones never removed, but always added together, no care and nutrients can penetrate more into the hair. The supply is interrupted and the hair becomes dull, unruly, limp and dull. It only helps to use a deep cleansing shampoo and to pay attention to the type of silicones in the care products. For dry and sensitive scalp you should also avoid the use of water-insoluble silicones. Because even here, the silicone lays over the scalp like a film, which then simply dries out, causing irritation and dandruff.